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Causes Of obesity in India

Indians are gaining weight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions. But why has obesity become such a weighty issue? Well, there are many reasons behind obesity.

Here we are going to discuss some of the most common causes of obesity:

Unhealthy eating: Unhealthy eating and a diet that’s high in calories, full of oversized portions of fast food and lacking diet in fruits and vegetables, is one of the leading cause of obesity.

Genetics: A person’s genetic makeup can make him or her more susceptible to obesity. Genetics play a role in how efficiently your body converts food into energy and how your body burns calories during exercise.  

Physical inactivity: With time more and more Indians are becoming physically inactive. Lack of physical activity means you don't burn as many calories as required and with a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits one can easily take in more calories every day leading to weight gain and obesity.

Hypothyroidism: Those who suffer from hypothyroidism have low levels of thyroid hormone. Low levels of thyroid hormone in the body slow down metabolism leading to weight gain and obesity.

Medical conditions: In some people, medical conditions, such as Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing's syndrome and other medical conditions can cause obesity. Medical problems, such as arthritis, can lead to decreased activity, which often results in weight gain and obesity.

Certain medications: Consumption of certain medications can lead to weight gain if you fail to compensate through diet and exercise. These medications include some antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, diabetes medications, antipsychotic medications, steroids, and beta blockers.

Lack of sleep: With long working hours and social media addiction at its peak more and more people are getting sleep deprived. Lack of sleep causes changes in hormones that increase appetite leading to food cravings, consumption of foods high in calories and carbohydrates, contributing to weight gain and obesity.

Excess insulin: The main function of insulin is to process sugar and carry it to the cell to be used. However, an excess of insulin carries the sugar to the cell and stores it in the body as fat.  High levels of stress are the main culprit for high insulin levels, also make you naturally crave for processed foods and sugary drinks making you prone to weight gain and obesity.

Low serotonin levels: Serotonin exerts a powerful impact on emotions, appetite, digestion, and cravings for carbohydrates. Chronic stress, poor sleep and out of control multi-tasking are the main causes of serotonin depletion and cause of obesity among Indians.

Leptin resistance: Leptin, also known as the “obesity hormone” controls hunger and feeling of satiety. Leptin is secreted by the adipose tissue and as a person gains weight, the number of fat cells increase leading to increase in leptin levels and leptin resistance. Leptin resistance, in turn, disrupts the hunger signals leading to food cravings, overeating and a vicious cycle of overeating, weight gain, and obesity.

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