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5797 Heart-failure

Heart failure

Heart failure

Heart failure is a clinical syndrome where the heart is unable to meet with the blood supply requirement of the body due to impaired pumping of the blood.

Causes:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Thyroid disorder
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Severe Anemia

Symptoms of heart failure:

  • Swollen legs and ankles and abdomen
  • Dizziness
  • Chest congestion
  • Persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain
  • Rapid and irregular heartbeat

The treatment plan may include:

  1. Medication
  2. Surgical procedures
  3. Lifestyle changes

Prevention:

  • Stay physically active
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress positively
  • Regularly monitor blood pressure and diabetes
  • Avoid alcohol consumption
  • Adopt healthy eating habits
  • Quit smoking
  • Get an adequate amount of sleep
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