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4033 Sepsis



Sepsis is a condition in which the body has a severe response to bacteria or other germs. It occurs when the chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammation throughout the body. The inflammation can further trigger a cascade of changes that can harm multiple organ systems, causing them to fail. If the sepsis progresses to a septic shock, the blood pressure drops radically which may lead to death.

Anyone can develop sepsis but it is most common and dangerous in elderly people or those who have a compromised immune system. Any type of infection can lead to Sepsis.

However, the most likely ones to cause Sepsis include:

• Kidney infection

• Pneumonia

• Bloodstream infection

• Abdominal infection

Doctors propose that sepsis is a three-stage syndrome that starts with sepsis and progresses through severe sepsis to septic shock. Doctors aim to treat sepsis during its mild stage before it becomes life-threatening.

Symptoms of Sepsis

• Heart rate higher than 90 beats a minute

• Confirmed infection

• Respiratory rate higher than 20 breaths a minute 

• Fever above 101.3°F  or below 95°F Severe sepsis

• A sudden change in mental status

• Abdominal pain

• Abnormal heart pumping

• A decrease in platelet count 

• Difficulty while breathing

• Decreased urine output

Septic shock-  One must show signs and symptoms of severe sepsis including extremely low blood pressure that doesn't satisfactorily respond to simple fluid replacement.

Sepsis often occurs in people who are hospitalized, such as people in the ICU who are vulnerable to developing infections.

Seek medical help immediately if you develop signs and symptoms of sepsis after surgery, infection, or hospitalization.