AIDS - Prevention, Cure and Misconceptions
- 9 Months ago
The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that affects the immune system functionality in humans. It results in progressive deterioration of the immune system’s capability to cope with infections, cancers and other diseases.
On World AIDS day, here is a little piece of information that can help you stay aware of what the causes, preventive measures and misconceptions of AIDS are.
Here are a few ways to prevent AIDS:
1.Prevent sexual transmission: A person infected with HIV, should completely abstain from having sex or always follow safe sex practices such as the use of condoms.
2. Prevent needle transmission: One should not share needles, syringes, razors, toothbrushes or blades with others. These items can become a potential source of transmission.
3.Do not donate blood: If you are HIV-positive, do not donate blood, plasma, sperm or organs.
4.Prevent mother - fetus transmission: If a woman during her pregnancy is detected to be HIV positive, the risk of giving the HIV to a baby can be reduced by taking a medication called AZT during pregnancy and delivering the baby via a cesarean. Your doctor would no best!
5.If the partner with whom an HIV-positive individual had sex is pregnant, it is always better to share with her the fact about your condition. An early treatment can help in preventing the disease in the woman as well as the child.
6.If a person is infected with HIV, avoid contact with another person's blood. It is essential to wear gloves, protective clothing, masks, and goggles when caring for people who are injured, as contact with blood can also lead to a spread in infection.
Misconceptions about HIV/ AIDS:
- Having HIV means you have AIDS
Fact: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that destroys the body's CD4 immune cells, which help fight disease. With the right medications, you can have HIV for years or decades without HIV progressing to AIDS.
- You have just few years to live.
Fact: Everyone with HIV experiences it differently. Some people may develop AIDS within a few months, as the virus quickly weakens their immune system. Many others can live for decades with HIV and have a normal life expectancy. You can help prevent HIV from progressing to AIDS by seeing your doctor regularly and following your doctor's recommendations.
- HIV is transmitted only through sexual contact.
Fact: Even though the risk is large through sexual contact, it is also possible to acquire HIV through exposure to infected blood, transfusions of infected blood, blood products, or organ transplantation.