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Dealing with Hypoglycemia in Diabetics

Dealing with Hypoglycemia in Diabetics

Hypoglycemia is a clinical condition most commonly seen in people with diabetes. It is characterized by low blood sugar levels, usually less than 70mg/dL.

What are the causes of hypoglycemia in diabetics?
Hypoglycemia in diabetics can be caused by:
• Overdose of insulin
• Skipping of meals or irregular meal timings
• Excessive alcohol intake
• Kidney disease

How does one diagnose hypoglycemia?

The best way to be sure that you are experiencing hypoglycemia is by doing a simple blood test.Signs and symptoms to look for:

Early signs and symptoms of mild hypoglycemia include:
• Hunger
• Shakiness
• Sweating and chills
• Anxiety
• Irritability
• Pallor
• Rapid Heart beat
• Light headedness or dizziness
• Headache
• Weakness or fatigue
• Nightmares or crying out during sleep

Signs and symptoms of severe hypoglycemia include:
• Confusion
• Seizures
• Loss of consciousness
• Coma

How to prevent hypoglycemia?

Do Self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG)- Regular self monitoring of blood glucose levels with a glucometer will help you identify the onset of symptoms and avoid hypoglycemia.

Eat Regularly- Eating every 2 hours will prevent your blood sugar levels from going down.

Alcohol- Heavy drinking session causes hypoglycemia, so avoid it. Keep your alcohol intake within the recommended limits and always eat something after and with your drink.

Exercise- Always eat something before any kind of strenuous exercise. Preferably try and include a meal that has a good mix of fibre and starch.

Be ready- Patients with type1 diabetes should always carry a container of fruit juice or keep a small packet of sugar in the bag, in case of an emergency.

A proper diet regimen with regular follow ups with your doctor will definitely help you keep hypoglycemia away.