Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a hallmark sign of diabetes and pre-diabetes. This develops when there is too much sugar in the blood. Several factors contribute to Hyperglycemia in diabetics including physical activity choices, illness, food, physical activity, non-diabetes medications or not taking sufficient glucose lowering medications.
The symptoms of Hyperglycemia include:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Blurred vision
Untreated Hyperglycemia can cause long term complications such as:
• Nerve damage
• Cardiovascular disease
• Kidney damage or kidney failure
• Bone and joint problems
• Skin problems such as bacterial infections, fungal infections and non-healing wounds
• Teeth and gum infections
• Feet problems caused by poor blood flow or damaged nerves that can lead to serious infections
If blood sugar rises high for a prolonged period of time, it can lead to two serious conditions such as:
• Diabetic ketoacidosis that develops when there is too little insulin in the body.
• Diabetic Hyperosmolar syndrome that occurs when people produce insulin, but it doesn't work properly.
Here are a few suggestions that can help keep your blood sugar in control:
• Follow your diabetes meal plan
• Monitor your blood sugar
• Take medication as prescribed by your doctor
• Adjust your medication if you change your physical activity
Contact your doctor immediately if you have any signs or symptoms of this condition!