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4233 Albinism



"Albinism is a genetic condition that causes one's skin, hair or eyes to have little or no color. This is also associated with vision problems." Although it is a hereditary condition, in most cases, there's no family history of albinism. There are several different types of Albinism that can affect people of all ethnic groups.

The symptoms of Albinism include:

• Lighter than normal skin
• An absence of color in the skin, hair, or iris of the eye
• Skin appearing patchy or missing skin color

Albinism is also associated with vision problems which may include:

• Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
• Nystagmus (involuntary rapid eye movements)
• Impaired vision or blindness
• Astigmatism (An imperfection in the eye's curvature)
• Strabismus (crossed eyes)

How is Albinism diagnosed?

A full diagnostic report for albinism includes the following:

• Physical examination
• Description of changes in pigmentation
• Examination of the eyes
• Comparison of the child's pigmentation to that of other family members

Here are a few self-care tips for those with Albinism:

• Apply sunscreen daily
• Avoid high-risk sun exposure
• Always wear protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirts
• Protect your eyes by wearing UV-blocking or dark sunglasses

When to see a doctor?

If you notice that your child lacks pigment in his or her skin at birth or has vision problems, contact your doctor immediately!

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