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4406 Dyspareunia



Dyspareunia can occur for several reasons ranging from structural problems to psychological concerns. Most women experience painful intercourse at some point in their lives. The exact incidence of Dyspareunia is unknown. The cause of a sexual dysfunction in a person may be due to a combination of factors and in some cases, the exact cause may not be indefinable at all. The pain can be felt as sharp, searing, burning or cramping that can be external or within the vagina and in the pelvic region or abdomen.

The factors that may cause Dyspareunia include:

• Inflammation, infection or skin disorder
• Insufficient lubrication
• Injury, trauma or irritation
• Vaginismus
• Certain medical conditions such as uterine prolapse, irritable bowel syndrome, ovarian cysts and pelvic inflammatory disease
• Psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, concerns about physical appearance can also contribute to a low level of arousal and a resulting discomfort
• Stress can contribute to pain during intercourse
• A history of sexual abuse

At times, it can be quite hard to tell whether psychological factors are associated with Dyspareunia. The initial pain may lead to fear of recurring pain making it difficult to relax which can in turn lead to more pain.

Here are a few tips to help prevent other causes of Dyspareunia:

• Yeast infections - avoid tight clothing to reduce risk of infections. Wear cotton underpants and practice good hygiene.
• Vaginal dryness - Prevent it by using a lubricant or seek treatment if the dryness is due to atrophic vaginitis
• Bladder Malfunctions - practice good hygiene after using the restroom, to avoid bladder problems.

Contact your doctor if you are experiencing painful intercourse!

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