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4343 Hypercalcemia



This is a condition in which the calcium level in the blood is above normal. Calcium performs important functions such as helping to keep your bones healthy. It also plays an important role in contracting muscles, releasing hormones and ensuring that your nerves and brain function properly. However, too much of it can be problematic.

The main cause of this condition is over activity in one or more of one's parathyroid glands which regulate the blood calcium levels. Other causes include cancer, certain medical disorders and medications as well as excessive use of calcium and vitamin D supplements. One may experience few or no signs of Hypercalcemia especially if it is mild.

The signs and symptoms of severe Hypercalcemia include:

• Confusion
• Fatigue
• Loss of appetite
• Frequent urination
• Abdominal pain
• Excessive thirst
• Constipation
• Nausea and vomiting
• Muscle and joint aches

The complications associated with Hypercalcemia include:

• Kidney failure
• Kidney stones
• Osteoporosis
• Nervous system problems
• Abnormal heart rhythm

You can protect your bones and kidneys from damage due to Hypercalcemia by adopting a healthier lifestyle.

• Drink plenty of water
• Smoking can speed up bone loss, hence it's important to quit smoking
• Consider doing a combination of weight-bearing exercises and strength training to keep your bones strong and healthy

If you develop any signs or symptoms of Hypercalcemia, contact your doctor immediately!

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