A baby's birth is termed as an occasion which brings happiness and smile which many couples aspire for. Yet many women have problems with fertility. If you're trying to get pregnant or planning to become one in the future, it's wise to identify any potential risk factors you may have. The mantra towards a successful pregnancy is to address the problems which may affect your fertility and going for the right treatment at an initial stage.
Factors that can hinder fertility:
1.Less or more body mass index (BMI) - BMI should be normal to get pregnant. If your BMI is more or less, conception might become a bit difficult. To attain the right BMI, you should follow a proper diet regime, exercise regularly and consume a decent amount of water as your eating habits play a major role. Avoid high calorie and high fat foods. An adequate, balanced diet will help you to attain the right BMI.
2.Smoking/alcohol/drugs: Cigarette smoking leads to lower sperm counts in men and increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and low-birth-weight babies for women. Alcohol consumption increases the risk of birth defects for women and may cause fetal alcohol syndrome. Alcohol is also said to affect sperm count in men. Intake of drugs can lead to kidney problems in the baby-to-be.
3.Medications such as antidepressants, antibiotics, painkillers and other drugs used to treat chronic disorders may cause temporary infertility. Check if your partner is consuming any of these and get the right guidance to move ahead.
4.Stress and emotional factors can also lead to infertility. Heavy work schedule, family or professional pressure and depression can act as factors for infertility.
5.Time of intercourse: A female should know her ovulating time to plan pregnancy. Intercourse should take place when a women is ovulating, then the chances of pregnancy is estimated to be high.
6.Sperm count: If the sperm count is less, then the chance of getting pregnant is less and slow. Sperm count can reduce if you are under certain medications.
7.Hormonal imbalance can also lead to infertility. If your cycles are irregular then detecting the time of ovulation would become more tedious. If there is a malfunction of the hypothalamus/pituitary glands which is responsible for producing Follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), this might lead to infertility.
8.Sometimes, previous surgeries and medical treatment also plays a role in reducing fertility.
It becomes essential to plan ahead by taking the right guidance from your doctor and sticking to a proper diet plan. This will help you to lead a balanced life without surprises and will also facilitate a very successful pregnancy.