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Although it is completely normal to have a little gas along with bloating during pregnancy but let's talk about it more and know the ways to prevent and cure it during pregnancy.

Why does pregnancy cause gas and bloating?

There are various factors responsible for causing the problem in different stages of pregnancy with the rising progesterone levels being a principal cause.

What causes gas during early pregnancy?

The pregnancy hormones relax all the smooth muscles in your body, including the gastrointestinal tract, slowing down the digestive process. As a result, the food stays in the digestive tract for a longer time, making you feel bloated and gassy, especially after eating.

Causes in later pregnancy

The growing uterus putting pressure on your digestive tract further slows down the digestion process, causing bloating in the second and third trimesters. Indigestion and constipation are major risk factors for gas, belching and flatulence.

When to see a doctor?

The good news is gas and bloating does not affect the baby. But if you’re experiencing severe nausea, excessive vomiting or bloody stools contact your doctor.

Foods likely to cause gas and bloating while pregnant

Vegetables containing the sugar raffinose:

  • Beans
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Asparagus

Starchy, gluten-rich and fiber-rich foods: 

Foods rich in fiber are usually broken down in the large intestine, which means they take longer to digest in pregnancy.

  • Potatoes
  • Pasta
  • Oat Bran
  • White rice
  • Bread
  • High fiber fruits (e.g. raspberries, bananas, apples, pears etc.)

Fried fatty or greasy items, junk food and fried food take a longer time to break down and digest than other food. Naturally, it takes even longer to complete the digestion of such foods when pregnant, making it more likely for you to develop gas and bloating. Artificial sweeteners, dairy products, coffee, sugary fizzy drinks, alcohol, and chewing gum are some other foods that might lead to symptoms.

How to get rid of gas and bloating during pregnancy?

  • Drink plenty of water to keep your system clean
  • Avoid the above-mentioned foods and drinks
  • Avoid smoking  
  • Eat multiple small meals instead of three large ones so you never get stuffed with food 
  • Avoid using a straw when drinking
  • Eat slowly, chewing properly, avoid gulping your foods and drink
  • Avoid talking while chewing
  • Wear comfortable loose clothes to avoid putting any extra pressure on the abdomen 
  • Keep a diet journal to find out which foods are more likely to cause indigestion and gas so you can avoid them in the future
  • Avoid having something cold right after eating or drinking something hot as it can lead to excess gas production due to the rapid change in your stomach temperature 
  • Practice relaxation techniques and yoga for stress release
  • Follow a light exercise routine (e.g. a short walk after meals) to better your digestion
  • Keep your legs elevated when sitting or lying down after meals as this helps with the digestion process, reducing the pressure of the uterus on your intestines

Disclaimer: “The purpose of the article is to inform and educate. It can no way be used as a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment. Always consult your physician before making any significant diet, exercise or lifestyle changes”


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