Pre-diabetes is when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
- HbA1C test: Hemoglobin A1C (Glycated hemoglobin)
- FBS test: Fasting Blood Sugar Test
- OGTT test: Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
- RPG test: Random Plasma Glucose Test
Are you at risk of pre-diabetes? Should you get yourself checked?
You have a higher risk of developing pre-diabetes if:
- You are overweight
- You have a large waist size (for men: waists larger than 90 cm; for women: larger than 80 cm)
- Your diet mostly consists of food and beverages with high sugar content, red meat, and processed meat
- You are generally inactive
- You are over the age of 45 (although take note that diabetes can develop at any age)
- You have a family history of type 2 diabetes
- You had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant
- You have polycystic ovary syndrome
- You have a sleeping disorder called obstructive sleep apnea
- You work on night shifts or change shifts often that it causes you sleeping problems
What impact pre-diabetes has on your body?
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Heart Disease
What can you do about it?
If you have pre-diabetes you can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by:
- Losing weight
- Eating healthy
- Exercising regularly
- Checking blood sugar levels regularly